Ear Problems and surgery
One of the commonest reasons a patient visits an ENT surgeon is when his/her ear presents with a discharge or due to a hearing loss.
Depending on the cause and symptom presented, a thorough examination reveals if the patient will benefit from surgery or various treatments. Deafness is correctable to a large extent, and, in many cases, the cause can be treated to restore hearing in the patient to a very large degree.
Lele Hospital offers a complete range of solutions addressing deafness, from surgery to hearing aids.
If an ear surgery be required, it may be noted that most of the surgeries can be done from inside the ear, without an external cut on the ear.
Options for Treating Hearing Loss?
There are many options available for hearing loss varying – from medical treatment to hearing devices, like hearing aids.
Surgery of hearing loss depends on the condition and severity of the difficulty. At times there is no perfect cure for the problem but hearing aids and other listening devices can help in treating the problem and live a better life.
There are four types of hearing loss:
- Auditory Processing Disorders
Medicinal facility like medicines and surgery is prescribed for different types of hearing issues like conductive hearing loss.
Though, even if medical examination is not required for your type of hearing loss, we highly suggested a visit to an audiologist for both a definite diagnosis of the type of hearing loss and treatment plan. Some of the most common causes of conductive hearing loss are fluid in the middle ear with or without any infection and earwax blocking the ear canal perforation of TM.
In all cases of diagnosis, where there is a bacterial problem like infection of the middle ear, antibiotics are often used.
Although these factors often can be treated and diagnosed by consultant, persistent issues may require the proper care of an ear specialist.
Conductive hearing loss also may be caused by a problem with the bones of the middle ear which in several cases can be operated with surgery. If diagnosed with hearing loss that cannot be operated medically a doctor will suggest a hearing aid evaluation and consultation with an audiologist.
An ear consists of 3 parts :
- An external ear canal which ends at the eardrum (i.e. the tympanic membrane
- The middle ear, where the bones malleus, incus, and stapes transmit the sound to the inner ear
- The inner ear where the neural structures are present. This is a very sensitive part of the ear.
Sometimes the last part of the bone is fixed due to a disease called otosclerosis, resulting in loss of conduction of sound. In this case, surgery may be indicated. The surgery involves removal of part of the bone, making a hole in the footplate and putting a piston.